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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

  • I ensure that the document submitted is as per the prescribed template that is included in the author guidelines.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed. This means that I will ensure that all and any reference to myself, other authors and our institutions have been removed for the review process.

  • This article has been put through Turnit In and included is a Plagiarism report
  • I will ensure that once the review process is complete I include my and other author and instution information as prescribed by the template provided.

Author Guidelines

View this template

Manuscripts are voluntary or invited contributions of authors’ own work submitted for review for publication in TIN. Manuscripts may not have been submitted or published in any other publication or journal.
The journal uses a plagiarism detection system, which also screens for the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). By submitting a manuscript for review and possible publication, the authors agree that their work be screened for plagiarism and AI. Please note that artificial intelligence (AI) may only be used to improve scientific writing.

Trends in Nursing publishes the following:
• Research articles (3500 to 7000 words)
• Policy analysis and evaluation (3500 to 7000 words)
• Review articles with clear methodological processes (3500 to 7000 words)
• Reflective articles with clear methodological processes (3500 to 7000 words)
• Commentary or discussion on an issue or developments internationally, regionally and nationally, including policy briefs. These articles are aimed at stimulating academic and professional debate, by invitation only (2000 to 3000 words)
• Scientific correspondence on professional issues, by invitation only (1000 words)
• Book reviews on one or more books on a certain nursing topic, by invitation only (1000 words).

The format of a typical manuscript depends on the type of article. However, all manuscripts must include the following:

Covering letter
This letter should address previous or pending publications from the same research, conflict of interest and confirmation of the adherence to author guidelines. In addition, the following information should form part of the covering letter.
Acknowledgements: Briefly acknowledge assistance either financial or other. Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the manuscript before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research, for example providing language editing, technical editing, writing assistance or proofreading the manuscript.
Conflict of interest: All authors must disclose any relationships that might inappropriately influence or bias the work presented. This could include employment, consultancies, honoraria paid or grant funding.
Funding: Funding sources must be acknowledged.

Title page
The title page is inclusive of:
Title: The title should indicate the focus of the article in as few words as possible and should not exceed fifteen words. It must be specific, concise and informative and avoid abbreviations and formulae. Where possible, include the design in the title.
Authors information: For each author the following information must be provided: first name, and other initials and surname in this order; highest academic qualification; institution to which the person is affiliated; city and country in which the institution is situated; email address(es) and ORCID number.
Corresponding author and contact details: Indicate to whom correspondence should be addressed and provide telephone / mobile number (add the country and area code) and email address. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, and post-publication. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Contributions of authors: Indicate how each author contributed to the conceptualisation, execution, writing and revision of the manuscript.

Each manuscript must be accompanied by an abstract that is concise and clear and have no more than 300 words. Use the following structure:
• Introduction
• Purpose / aim
• Methodology
• Results / findings
• Conclusions

List four to six key words to facilitate literature searches.

Content / body of manuscript
The manuscript must be structured according to the following headings:
• Introduction
• Methods
• Results / findings
• Discussion
• Conclusion

Table 1: below outlines the typical headings for different content of a manuscript.

Table 1: Typical headings for different content of a manuscript

Research and

refrective article

Review article

Policy analysis and evaluation

Introduction and background (including problem, literature review, aim and objectives)


Context and importance of the problem


Methodology, including design, sampling, data collection and analysis

Review question and aim

Policy issues


Ethical considerations

Methodology or structure

Summary and analysis of research or evidence


Main findings or conclusions



Discussion, limitations and recommendations



Conclusion Conclusion and recommendations  


Graphics are limited to tables, text boxes, and figures, created through standard word processing formats. Tables and figures are usually limited to five per manuscript.

Ethics approval
In the case of research, review and reflective manuscripts, authors must provide proof the ethical clearance of the project.

The APA 7th Edition referencing style is used. In-text references should state the author's surname and the year of publication: (Garrett, 2006) for one author; (Warne & McAndrew, 2008) for two authors. When a source has more than two authors, provide the name of the first author followed by 'et al.'

The reference list is as follows:
Barkway, D., & O’Kane, D. (2020). Psychology: Introduction for health professionals. Elsevier.

Journal articles
Issel, L. M., Bekemeier, B., & Kneipp, S. (2012). A public health nurse research agenda. Public Health Nursing, 29(4), 330-342.

Web pages
Cuncic, A. (2019). The Mandela effect. Verywellmind. Date of access: 10 October 2023.

Refer to the following link for an explanation of the referencing style:
University of Newcastle. (2020). Quick Guide to APA 7th Referencing Library.  Date of access: 10 October 2023.


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